Conservation Corps History
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was formed in March of 1933 as one of the first programs of The New Deal. This public works program was intended to promote conservation of our natural resources and to build good citizens through disciplined outdoor labor. Close to the heart of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the CCC combined his interests in conservation and universal service for youth. The CCC is recognized as the single greatest conservation program in America and it served as a catalyst to develop the very tenets of modern conservation.
Accomplishments of the CCC were numerous: 3,470 fire towers erected, 97,000 miles of fire roads built, over three billion trees planted, erosion arrested on more than twenty million acres of land, plus amazing contributions in the development of recreational facilities in national, state, county, local, and metropolitan parks. Our local legacy is the stone observation tower built by the CCC in 1936 at the top of Mt. Constitution in Moran State Park on Orcas Island.
An excellent video on The Civilian Conservation Corps has been produced by PBS American Experience, and is available in local libraries.